Singular value decomposition (SVD) is explained. Also explained is the important role that SVD can play in solving an ill-posed inverse problem, and the insights that it can provide into what calibration of a groundwater model can and cannot achieve. Important concepts such as the null space are also discussed. An explanation is provided of how over-fitting to a calibration dataset can occur, and why this is a bad thing.
Presented by Dr John Doherty